Fragments from the Books
on Moral Education
"Pears of Wisdom"
A. Lopatina, M. Skrebtsova
PEARLS OF WISDOM
Providing a moral education for pre-schoolers
A workbook with tasks in the form of texts, games, questions and exercises
The moral education workbook for pre-schoolers is aimed at building awareness in children of the importance of KINDNESS, through the study of literature with a moral content. The children are able to immerse themselves fully in each topic with the aid of creative tasks, dialogues, illustrations and short plays.
The following summarises the need for such a workbook:
An absence of values and a breakdown of morals in contemporary society are complicating children's paths to self-discovery.
Consequently, helping children to determine the boundaries between good and evil has become problematic.
Those responsible for educating pre-schoolers are particularly important in relation to this issue. During their pre-school years, children are most open to experiencing emotions concerning morality. For this reason, teachers with an interest in the harmonious development of children under their care will benefit from workbooks such as these, produced in the spirit of creative, humanistic education science.
The workbook aims to :
Help children formulate ideas about kindness, responsibility and friendship;
Organise the education process around the role of the child's personality;
Develop an understanding in pre-schoolers of the importance of observing ethical and moral standards.
Develop pre-schoolers' oral skills, creative capability and imagination.
The suggested stories, poems, fairytales, exercises and games are aimed at encouraging pre-schoolers to form a social and moral relationship with the surrounding world, by developing positive qualities such as kindness, honesty, determination and friendliness. The teacher can vary the methods of working with the texts, and use them in part, or adapt them depending on the children's age and level of development.
The workbooks offer short games involving movement to help children release tension and overcome tiredness, and encourage them to be both reflective and creative.
The authors would be pleased to receive any comments or recommendations you may have.
Some words of advice
There's something inside you, knock knock knock,
It's the sound of your heart, ticking like a clock.
All day long and all night too,
Your tireless heart works hard for you.
From time to time your heart may ache,
And perhaps even feel like it's going to break.
But luckily it's quick to heal,
And get rid of the hurt that you may feel.
To stop your heart from feeling bad,
Be helpful and kind to those who are sad,
Smile at people you don't yet know,
And your heart will warm you wherever you go.
Theme: When guests come to visit.
Aim: To learn to socialise.
Overview : A social person makes friends easily.
Paying attention to other people's needs.
Listening to others .
Holding a conversation.
Being communicative and open .
Let's read a poem…
At the weekend we have lots of guests,
Mummy's friends and daddy's mates.
I'm really happy when they're here,
The house is full, it's great!
Mummy lets me stay up late,
And listen to them chat,
About books and films and sport,
And the next-door neighbour's cat.
Mum and I give everyone tea,
And crumpets and scones and cake,
And I watch in delight as the guests tuck in,
To the food I helped to bake.
When guests come round I behave so well,
No tantrums or squabbles or fights.
Everyone's proud of how grown up I am,
And I get to stay up till midnight!
Questions to accompany the poem
Do you like inviting people to your house, and how do you greet them?
Who do you like to visit, and why?
How often do people come and visit you?
What games do you play with your guests?
Who has guests round more often, you or your parents?
Do you join in the adults' conversation when your parents have people round?
How do you decorate the table when guests come round?
Talk about the guest who you like most of all.
Game: ‘The hospitable hut'
Hand the children cards with pictures of different animals, birds and insects. Two cards display drawings of huts. Those who get the cards with the huts stand up and join hands to make a magical hut. Then the teacher taps one of the children on the shoulder, and this child must go up to the hut and, pretending to be the species on his or her card, explain politely why they want to go in.
For example: ‘Hello, I'm a squirrel. The tree which I used to live in was hit by lightning and now I'm homeless.'
The children pretending to be the hut must politely allow the squirrel inside and ask him or her to help the other inhabitants.
For example: ‘Come in, little squirrel. Our hut is very comfortable. You can gather nuts and feed the other inhabitants.'
The game continues until all the children are inside the hut.
Short movement game: ‘Pass on the nut'
The children stand in a row, and the last child pretends to be a squirrel who has come to visit. The teacher gives the first child a handful of nuts. The children must pass the nuts to each other using one hand. The aim of the game is to pass all the nuts to the squirrel without dropping them.
Drawing: ‘Entertaining guests'
Tell the children to imagine that some people who they really like have come round to their house.
The children must invent and illustrate the dish which they would serve up to their guests.
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